Ayodhya is a city and the administrative headquarters of the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also believed by scholars that it is the same as the legendary Ayodhya, the birthplace of Rama, and the setting of the epic Ramayana. The Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya, which was built in the site where some Hindus believed to be the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama. According to the inscriptions of the mosque, it was built in 1528-29 AH on orders of Mughal emperor Babur.
These two became controversies between the Hindu community and the Muslim community.In 1949, a group of Hindu activists secretively placed some idols of Rama inside the mosque from which the government locked the mosque to avoid future issues. On 6 December 1992, a group of Hindu activists demolished the mosque igniting riots between these two communities all over India, killing more than 2000 people. Many of them were to be Muslims. From the 19th century, there were many court disputes between Hindus and Muslims over the mosque. In Sep 2010, Allahabad high court took the Hindu claim that the mosque was built on the birthplace of their deity Rama and permitted the construction of Rama’s temple in the central part of the dome. Muslims were also given a one-third area of the site. Which was eventually appealed by all parties?
On October 2019 the supreme court rejected the lower court’s judgment and ordered the land to be handed over to a trust to build the Hindu temple, subsequently it also ordered to government to compensate the destruction of Babri masjid with alternate 5 acre land to Sunni Waqf Board on the basis of some facts which are listed below ,
An Archaeological Survey of India probe-on the orders of supreme court submitted an acceptable report saying there was a non Islamic structure found below the site of Babri masjid which also cannot be proved that it should be a temple or the ruins of an ancient religious structure under existing building does not always show that it was demolished by unfriendly powers. The court also mentioned that Guru Nanak had offered prayers in Ram temple in 1510-11 AD.
The court also stated that the demolition of Babri Masjid and the 1949 desecration of the Babri masjid was in violation of the law. So that’s why the supreme court ordered the government to offered 5 acres of alternate land as compensation for the destruction to Muslims.
The court also states that Muslim parties, including the Sunni Waqf Board, failed to prove exclusive possession of the land in dispute. It is also said that Hindus had submitted better-required evidence to prove that they had done their worships inside the mosque as it was considered as the birthplace of their deity god Rama. History shows that iron railings were set up at 1856-7, separating the masjid into the inner courtyard and outer courtyard where the inner courtyard where sited for Muslims and outer courtyard where for Hindus. The court stated that even before that partition, the Hindus had access to the inner courtyard of the mosque.
The disputed land was an issue not only in between Hindus and Muslims but also by Nirmohi Akhara. At first, in sep2010, Allahabad High Court stated that 2.77 acres of Ayodhya land be divided into these three parties with 1/3 going to Sunni Waqf Board,1/3 to the Ram Lalla and 1/3 to the Nirmohi Akhara. Where it was appealed by the supreme court, and it stated that the suit filed by Nirmohi Akhara was not maintainable and ruled that it had no shebait rights. Apart from that, the court also stated that Nirmohi Akhara should be given the required appropriate recognition in the Board of Trustees that will be initiated by the Government of India.
The court had sentenced the Government of India that a trust should be created to build a temple and a board of trustees within three months. The disputed land will in control of the Government of India and eventually transferred to the trust which was created after its constructed formation.
The court had ordered prohibitory order till Dec 28th, “victory celebrations” and “mourning processions” have banned, all kinds of restrictions had become the order of the day as the events would lead up to the tense build-up and bitter aftermath.
The court rejected the claim, which was made by Shia Waqf Board against the Sunni Waqf Board for the ownership of the Babri Masjid.
Political and religious leaders across the board are expecting peace and harmony, as the supreme court has cleared the way for the construction of a Ram temple at the disputed site and allowed a 5-acre plot to the Muslims for building the mosque. This is one of the most anticipated judgments in India’s history.